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Detailed information for reference 27654

 Stimpson, W. (1859) [Untitled report on: “...a remarkable new form of brachyurous crustacean on the coral reefs at Hawaii”]. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History 6: 412–413. URL: http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/37038 PDF is 429kB


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2009-06-22 N. Dean Pentcheff Viewed paper/PDF original

Reference change log

2009-08-05 N. Dean Pentcheff Tweaked the un-title yet one more time
2009-07-13 N. Dean Pentcheff Trying another version of the untitled title
2009-07-07 N. Dean Pentcheff URL added and entire article OCR added as abstract
2009-06-22 N. Dean Pentcheff title typo
2009-06-22 N. Dean Pentcheff Fixed up “title” based on original
2008-05-14 Regina Wetzer updated based on Ng et al. 2008

Reference record internal details

Reference ID 27654
Reference type journalarticle
Authors Stimpson, W.
Publication Year (for display) 1859
Publication Year (for sorting) 1859
Title [Untitled report on: “...a remarkable new form of brachyurous crustacean on the coral reefs at Hawaii”]
Secondary Title Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History
Secondary Authors  
Tertiary Title  
Tertiary Authors  
Volume 6
Pages 412–413
Place published  
URL http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/37038
[OCR of entire article text follows:] The following communication was received from Mr. William Stimpson : — Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C, Oct. 1, 1858. I wish to place on record in the Proceedings of the Society the existence of a remarkable new form of Brachyurous Crustacean on the coral reefs at Hawaii. It cannot be properly I'eferred to any known family, although having perhaps more resemblance to Pinnotheres than any other known genus, as its integuments ai-e soft, and the female abdomen of great size, — in fact larger than the carapax. Its place in the series is pi'obably between Pin- notheres and Hymenosoma. Four specimens only are in my possession, which are, unfortunately, all females. They were collected by the scientific corps of the U. S. North Pacific Sur- veying Expedition, under the command of Capt. John Rodgers. It may be called HAPALOCARCINUS MARSUPIALIS. The shell or general integument of the body is but little indu- rated, quite soft and flexible, such as occurs after moulting in other crabs. The feet however, particularly the chelipeds, are sufficiently firm. The carapax is leather depressed, smooth, and glabrous, suboval, longer than broad, narrower in front than be- hind, somewhat truncated at either extremity, and without teeth or spines on any part. Front horizontal, straight. Orbits small, excavated in the anterior margin. Eyes short, oblique, inclining to longitudinal, and scarcely retractile. Antennula3 very short and minute, placed at the inner angle of the orbit. The epis- tome is scarcely distinct, as the lamelliform maxiUipeds reach nearly to the eyes and antenna?. The buccal area occupies the whole breadth of the carapax anteriorly, the outer maxillipeds covering the subhepatic regions. The maxillipeds are loosely applied, as in some Anomoura, and those of the two sides are 413 separated from each other at the base by the triangular anterior extremity of the sternum, which is greatly prolonged. In the outer maxillipeds the ischium-joint is enlarged and dilated within, while the meros is very small, and slender like the last three joints or palpus ; the exognath is slender and palpigerous. The feet are slender and weak, smooth and shaped nearly as in Pinnotheres. The chelipeds are equal, and about as long as the ambulatory feet, and twice as thick. Fingers of the hand nearly straight, longitudinal, and shorter than the palm. Dactyli of the ambulatory feet all very short, and slightly uncinate. Sternum very broad and smooth, with the genital orifices rather wide apart. Abdomen of great size, larger than the rest of the animal, smooth, but with the segments distinct ; the sides much expanded and folded inward, forming a kind of pouch for the reception of the eggs. Color a dark blue-gray, or "neutral tint." Length of the carapax, 0.21 ; breadth, 0.165 inch. Found clinging to the branches of living madrepores, at the depth of one fathom, in the harbor of Hilo, Hawaii, March, 1856. They probably feed upon the coral-polypes.
Keywords isopoda
Remarks This item really has no title. The preceding text and beginning of the article reads: “The following communication was received from Mr. William Stimpson:- Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., Oct. 1, 1858. I wish to place on record in the Proceedings of the Society the existence of a remarkable new form...”
Reference Contributor Tag rwetzer
Last Changed Wed Dec 5 10:57:53 2012

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